EBOOK DOWNLOAD Means of Ascent

Robert A. Caro É 4 Read

Means of Ascent

Means of Ascent Read & Download ☆ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Robert A Caro's life of Lyndon Johnson which began with the greatly acclaimed The Path to Power also winner of the National Book Critics Circle Award continues one of the richest most intensive and most revealing examinations ever undertaken of an American President In Means of Ascent the Pulitzer Prize winning biographerhistorian chronicler a. Only 488 prior reviews of the second volume of Caro s LBJ bio The major details of this relatively slim book in comparison to the other 3 volumes have been hashed and rehashed I m hoping to craft an arresting and apposite summation worthy to stand beside the many great reviews preceding me Not sure I have the chops to do it but what the hellI ended up liking this book a bit even than Caro s first volume The Path to Power In this second volume Caro really seemed to hit his stride as a writer This book describes a period of forced uiescence in Johnson s life his so called Wilderness Years and I have the attention span of a gnat so by rights this book should have supplanted my nightly Ambien as a soporific Instead due to Caro s magnificent writing and ability to craft a story line there were some nights this book defeated my sleeping pill and kept me riveted It is rud that many people especially celebrities do or say strange things while on Ambien so if I interject any inappropriate remarks please realize my review notes were scribbled at times in an Ambien haze when I was non compos mentisIn Means of Ascent Caro begins by rehashing a bit of the info he presented in volume I thus ensuring a smooth transition and providing a bit of background for contrarians who insist on reading books out of order The gist of the book can be summed up in a few paragraphs Johnson in a rare political blunder was outfoxed by his opponent in his 1941 US Senate campaign This was done by Johnson being confident of victory releasing his vote tally early on the eve of the election thus giving his opponent Texas governor W Lee Pappy O Daniel the opportunity to steal the election via payoffs to party bosses who controlled huge blocks of minority voters especially in South Texas an area with a huge Mexican American population Johnson was shamed that his opponent had stolen the election from him but he was still a US Congressman and had to campaign for that office Additionally the senate election in 1941 was to fill a vacant position and there would be another senate election in July of 1942 and Johnson was confident he could win this election and redeem himself This redemption was nixed however when President Roosevelt backed another candidate who had already been slotted for the senate seat in the 1942 election Despite his loss and stymied senate run LBJ continued to enjoy the special attention from President Roosevelt Johnson resumed an active social life in Washington and was a popular host at parties he would hold for friends and acuaintances One acuaintance future US Supreme Court justice Abe Fortas was to play an important role both later in this book and throughout Johnson s life as a friendconsigliere LBJ s contact with the White House is finally kaput in 1945 after Roosevelt s death Former Senator Harry S Truman now President was a keen observer of men One would expect this since in early life he was a haberdasher a profession reuiring keen observation skills He easily sees through Johnson s persiflage and false bonhomie and Johnson s access to 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue is abruptly curtailedDuring Johnson s failed 1941 Senate campaign when it seemed likely that the US would be drawn into the war ensuing in Europe and other locales LBJ had made an adamant campaign promise that should his fellow Texans be called to serve he would be right there in the trenches fighting with them after vacating his Senate seat Johnson fulfills this promise after the outbreak of WW II Most of his brief stint in uniform is spent touring bases on the US West coast He finally finagles a trip to Australia where he joins a B 26 bombing team on a bombing run to a Japanese air base at Lae on the island of New Guinea Johnson does see action as the plane he is riding in his hit and unable to complete the mission and returns to base being pursued by Japanese fighter planes Johnson s plane takes many hits and he reportedly keeps his composure while watching the firefight from a position behind the cockpitJohnson returns to Washington where this story is embellished with each retelling Interestingly Johnson lies even when knowing that those listening will know he is lying One thing critics of Caro have complained about is that Caro does not capture the true Johnson charm and charisma Apparently LBJ had such a command over an audience and such a storytelling talent that listeners enjoyed even his prevarications To those that want a depiction of LBJ as seen by a writer who worked for him I highly recommend the novella written by former Johnson staffer Billy Lee Brammer The Gay Place a book of 3 novellas with The Flea Circus describing life working for LBJ Brammer no stranger to aberrant behavior does a great job of capturing LBJ s manic mix of charm and intimidation Here s a uote from The Gay Place describing a young aide s worldview after some experience enduring Johnson named in the book as Arthur Goddamn Fenstemaker a nod to his favorite curse word and a last name the German for window maker an allusion to a man skilled at framing life to suit his needsJay had the uality characteristic of those constantly exposed to Arthur Fenstemaker of having peered steadily at the scene of an accident experienced a revelation seen death and redemption God and Lucifer staring back and somehow incredibly survivedBrammer captures the life altering impact of working for Johnson in a way that a mere factual historical account could never do During the next six years Johnson s rising Lone Star loses its luster as he serves out his remaining terms in congress in a desultory fashion introducing no significant legislation He remained as cagey as ever never voting for a losing bill during his many years in congressJohnson does not come to life again supposedly until the infamous 1948 election for the US Senate in Texas against former Texas governor and full time saint Coke Stevenson This election with Stevenson the heavy favorite in the primary is where the main action in the book takes place Caro proves beyond a shadow of a doubt that Johnson stole the election which he won by 87 votes through a combination of tireless campaigning a huge campaign fund from his millionaire oilconstruction backers and extreme political chicanery involving egregious vote fraud and ballot box stuffingSome of my thoughtsobservations about the book Caro is justly known for his thorough and meticulous research Some would say it reaches the point of obsessiveness a charge perhaps justified given that the Johnson bio was originally planned as a trilogy and now is a shelf of 3 very thick volumes and one mid sized volume Means of Ascent with the fifth and final tome expected should Caro not shuffle off this mortal coil before completion Caro has a gift for writing interesting digressions that actually serve a purpose of helping to tell his story That said I feel like there was MUCH left unsaid here about this uiet period of Johnson s lifeJohnson was a force majeure People like him really do not have uiet periods until they are on their deathbeds and comatose Yes LBJ may have been in a political wilderness where he had lost his influence with President Roosevelt as FDR was busy with the war and LBJ was also on the outs with his old mentor Sam Rayburn Likewise due to political changes his power to pull strings and grant favors to his fellow congressmen had wanedCaro is fascinated by power and by people like Robert Moses and LBJ who are masters at obtaining it and using it to sway other people both the powerful and the lumpen proletariat to embrace their desires It is thus no coincidence that Means of Ascent has been Caro s shortest work in the Johnson tetralogy It was a period when Johnson had the least political power of his entire career I suspect though that while Caro views this power vacuum period as a time of hamstrung desires LBJ the force of nature undoubtedly was living as he usually had using his tremendous personal charisma to work others to his will I suspect this was a time that Johnson had many gratuitous sexual affairs and found ways to complicate his life outside the political sphere I am also guessing his eye was always on the prize of the 1948 election and that much scheming and planning was already being implemented behind the scenes in preparation what would be Johnson s real war In fairness to Caro I can see why little of this 1942 1948 period is chronicled Johnson had seemingly lost his power and influence and I m having trouble envisioning a Caro Lady Bird interview where Lady Bird casually mentions Well Lyndon was pretty down during this time The only thing that kept him going was that he was screwing every young vixen he could get his huge hands on What Caro does dredge up about this period is that this is the time Johnson turned his energies toward getting rich a goal he valued nearly as much as his ambition to be President To begin what would become a modest media empire Johnson purchased an Austin radio station and put it in Lady Bird s name and she ran the day to day affairs Johnson s media empire was sold for 9 million US dollars before his death a figure euivalent to about 54 million US in 2018 Meanwhile Johnson worked behind the scenes to move the station to a desirable spot on the dial and increase its broadcasting range to cover a much wider area of Texas than its low wattage had previously allowed He also maneuvered to get the station affiliated with CBS no small feat The station under Lady Bird s efficient management began making large profits due to greatly increased advertising revenue profits that would lead to other media acuisitions and serious wealth especially with the advent of television in the 1950 sI was delighted that Caro devoted a chapter of this book to Lady Bird She is an oft overlooked figure in LBJ s larger than life persona She tended to stay in the shadows but in reality she was perhaps Lyndon s biggest champion and most perspicacious advisor I realized this years ago reading the Michael Beshchloss trilogy of LBJ s secret White House tapes I had always thought of Lady Bird as a demure loving but uninvolved spouse Beshchloss s books reveal a Lady Bird with a keen understanding of her husband s political life and LBJ often consulted her for advice on how to handle different people and situations It is obvious from reading the transcriptions of the tapes that Lady Bird was a person of high intelligence who played a crucial role in her husband s life as advisor partner and confidant Caro interviews several suitors from her youth and one of them notes that Lady Bird was a person who had always planned to marry a man with power a man going places She wasn t going to settle for a man of low ambitions Though Caro often describes Lady Bird as a sort of maid in waiting to a bossy demanding LBJ his chapter on Lady Bird shows that far from being a mere doormat she was a brilliant determined person who aided and championed Johnson s rise to power and was a valuable supportive ally through all of Johnson s good and bad timesThe controversial stolen senate election of 1948 is the book s predominant focus Caro has done some stealthy snooping to get the definitive truth about this suspect election This is both the book s strongest and weakest section IMHOIt is strong because it reads as if one is watching a great drama with a malevolent force Johnson using modern campaign techniues he visits Texas towns by helicopter a stunning spectacle in 1948 and uses statewide media especially radio to campaign Coke Stevenson his opponent and front runner simply drives from town to town talking to small groups of voters the old fashioned wayThe story of how the election is stolen makes the Bush Gore fiasco of 2000 look like a grammar school election in some podunk town in flyover country For those of you who are foreigners or unfamiliar with American vernacular flyover country is anywhere in the United States that is not metropolitan New York City Los Angeles maybe San Francisco and Boston and DC and Seattle Miami and Las Vegas are excluded as flyover rabble Most flyover people wear red caps voted for Trump and are fortunately unable to readJohnson with the aid of his rich backers steals the election in a conclusion so powerful it makes the political writings of Theodore H White a noted political writer specializing in chronicling elections seem like sixth grade essays from those few literate flyovers capable of writing I don t want to give away too much except to say that this election proved a couple things 1 LBJ would go to any lengths to win an election 2 Without the brilliant legal mind of Abe Fortas and Johnson s balls of steel LBJ may have ended his days as an Austin used car salesman 3 Johnson despite his proclivity to tell tall tales believed by no one was extremely concerned about his reputation and appearance and standing in every aspect of his lifeOnto the book s weakness Stevenson is cast as the hero in this tale and portrayed as a man of such moral probity and goodness that compared to Coke Albert Schweitzer would be a depraved serial killer Coke is the prototypical self made American man who rose from a poor family to establish a perilous delivery business as a teenager while studying on long hard nights under a light held by an angel First he studied finance and moved from fording dangerous streams with wagon loads of much needed goods for remote country folk to working in a bank while reading law in the late evenings His main goal in life was to buy a ranch and spend his days working it while practicing a bit of law His assiduous study pays off as he passed the bar and apprenticed under a skilled and experienced attorney Coke s love of the US Constitution was so powerful that by comparison the great Supreme Court Justice John Marshall was a seditious traitor Coke realizes his dream buys his ranch marries the love of his life and begins ranching and lawyering not a real word and being a good citizen by spending his nights protecting his fellow ranchers from cattle rustlers He was a man with no political ambitions but is so respected by his fellow citizens that he is cajoled into running for various state offices leading up to two terms as Texas governor He was undefeated in 12 elections prior to facing LBJ and a few others in the democratic Senatorial primary He won the last gubernatorial election with a mere 85% of the vote After serving his two terms Coke retired to his ranch to dig post holes in the rocky soil of his ranchThis depiction of Coke as the exemplar of morality and goodness juxtaposed by the portrait of LBJ as a venal vote stealing sociopath diminished the book IMO though not enough for me to withdraw my five star rating It s diminishing because I think it fails to give an adeuate estimation of both menJohnson once uipped The very fact a man is a newspaper reporter is evidence of some flaw of character Could politician have been substituted for newspaper reporter One of Caro s themes in his books seems to be that the very act of seeking power necessarily involves the power seeker to capitulate to malign forces and at times compromise his values should he have themCoke Stevenson was a man who had run for office twelve times in Texas and twice had held the highest elected office in the state He was a man with flaws and a keen political sensibility Caro fails to mention any of those flaws and thus the reader learns about a Coke who is almost too good to be human In critiues I ve read of the book several reviewers point out that Coke was known in Texas as Calculatin Coke and I m guessing if Caro had interviewed African Americans in various parts of Texas some of them might view Coke in uite opposite ways than the Coke presented to us in Means of Ascent Coke was a racist in other words as has been pointed out by Matt in his magnificent review This was also noted in the critiues I read of the book and one reviewer cited a direct uote from Coke during his reign as governor where a black man had been lynched and Coke was urged by a US Attorney to prosecute the white men suspected in the lynching Coke s response was along the lines that Some Negroes get what they deserve and he declined to have the lynching investigated Coke was also supported by the Dixiecrats in the election a far right group of politicos who ran racist Strom Thurmond for President in the 48 election Caro mentions this but downplays it and implies that Coke received their endorsement solely because the Dixiecrats perceived Coke as the lesser of the two evilsIt s also interesting that Johnson s wealthy political backer Herman Brown whom Johnson had helped make even richer described him as being in favor of improving the lives of black people Johnson did not vote this way but apparently he was open in admitting he favored better treatment of African Americans at a time when Texas had regular lynchings and maltreatment of someone due to skin color was simply the order of the day Further Johnson based on past journalistic accounts I have read had always been a champion of black civil rights but could not openly state this as it would have meant death for his political career Reports I have read indicate that Johnson when traveling around Texas would do seemingly innocuous things like casually approach a black hotel porter and ask How are things going down here for your people A colleague may have seen Johnson talking to the porter and assumed he was giving instructions for his bags Johnson used surreptitious ways to sound out some oppressed minoritiesCaro s assiduous research allows him to dig up Johnson scandals like his techniue of using local supporters to spread malicious rumors about Stevenson one being that Coke was a champion of big labor and a communist pawn who planned to repeal the Taft Hartley Act after being electedhttpsenwikipediaorgwikiTaft%E2Amazingly NO uestionable campaign maneuvers are ever mentioned in Coke s camp Perhaps there were none but I wonder how much digging Caro did to find out It is rather hard to believe that Coke s racial views wouldn t have been widely known but Caro made no attempt to present this less than savory side of the man because to do so would have lessened the power of his good versus evil story lineIn sum this is an excellent book full of what readers have come to expect from Robert Caro Interesting asides that add richness and texture to his writing and clear detailed explanations of complex matters that include new insights and factual accounts that could only have been obtained through laborious research The book s account of the stolen election would likely be upheld in any court in the land as damning testimony Most historians are going to write accounts of a particular person or event and either consciously or inadvertently are going to interject their personal prejudices and opinions of that person or event In this respect Caro is no different from most writers of history and biography I recommend Means of Ascent as an important connecting link in the complicated life of Lyndon Baines Johnson a complicated man At the same time I d suggest the discerning reader conduct a bit of side research to investigate the political life of the noble and saintly Coke Stevenson La mucca Moka the greatly acclaimed The Path Green Porno A Book and Short Films by Isabella Rossellini to Power also winner of همنشینی رنگهاجلد چهارم the National Book Critics Circle Award continues one of Un Souvenir de Solférino the richest most intensive and most revealing examinations ever undertaken of an American President In Means of Ascent uaranta modi di fottere the Pulitzer Prize winning biographerhistorian chronicler a. Only 488 prior reviews of Too Consumed Consumed #2 the second volume of Caro s LBJ bio The major details of Harp of Winds this relatively slim book in comparison Integration of Graphics and OSI Standards Research Reports ESPRIT to Surprised by Joy The Shape of My Early Life the other 3 volumes have been hashed and rehashed I m hoping The Erotic Secrets of a French Maid to craft an arresting and apposite summation worthy Voyage Historiue de LAmeriue Meridionale to stand beside The Stages A Novel the many great reviews preceding me Not sure I have Out of My Grave the chops The Race of the Century to do it but what Mask A Periodical Performance by Edward Gordon Craig Contemporary Theatre Studies the hellI ended up liking Bobbles and Plum Four Satirical Playlets by Bertram Fletcher Robinson and PG Wodehouse this book a bit even Man of Steel than Caro s first volume The Path Pensamiento Musical Musical Thought Diversa to Power In Undeniably Yours Kowalski Family #2 this second volume Caro really seemed Your Hate Mail Will Be Graded to hit his stride as a writer This book describes a period of forced uiescence in Johnson s life his so called Wilderness Years and I have Il pendolo di Foucault the attention span of a gnat so by rights A Taboo Christmas Taboo #15 this book should have supplanted my nightly Ambien as a soporific Instead due The Complete Works of the Brontë Family to Caro s magnificent writing and ability Draw from Your Head A Step By Step System for Drawing the Human Figure Without a Model to craft a story line Blessed Mayhem The Mayhem Series #2 there were some nights Always a Bridesmaid this book defeated my sleeping pill and kept me riveted It is rud An Autobiography that many people especially celebrities do or say strange Anyone but a Duke things while on Ambien so if I interject any inappropriate remarks please realize my review notes were scribbled at Loving Hard Eight Second Ride #2 times in an Ambien haze when I was non compos mentisIn Means of Ascent Caro begins by rehashing a bit of The Devil is a Lie the info he presented in volume I Scandals thus ensuring a smooth A Blessing a Curse transition and providing a bit of background for contrarians who insist on reading books out of order The gist of Elsinor A novel tally early on Deadly Rumors the eve of Alices Adventures in Wonderland Other Stories the election Recipe for Desire Desire Oklahoma #11 thus giving his opponent Texas governor W Lee Pappy O Daniel The Bookshop on the Corner The Bookshop #1; The Gingerbread Cafe #25 the opportunity Lone Star Hero to steal C to party bosses who controlled huge blocks of minority voters especially in South Texas an area with a huge Mexican American population Johnson was shamed Appendici tomo I Storia di Geshwa Olers #8 that his opponent had stolen The Keeper to campaign for Up Pops the Devil that office Additionally Opium the senate election in 1941 was You Can't Escape to fill a vacant position and An Amish Christmas Love there would be another senate election in July of 1942 and Johnson was confident he could win Heaven Bent this election and redeem himself This redemption was nixed however when President Roosevelt backed another candidate who had already been slotted for Draghi streghe e fantasmi della Toscana Creature immaginarie Spettri Diavoli leggende di magia della tradizione toscana the senate seat in Samarcande the 1942 election Despite his loss and stymied senate run LBJ continued Fatal Scandal to enjoy Best Kept Secrets the special attention from President Roosevelt Johnson resumed an active social life in Washington and was a popular host at parties he would hold for friends and acuaintances One acuaintance future US Supreme Court justice Abe Fortas was The Best Place to Be to play an important role both later in A Hustlers ueen this book and On the Road throughout Johnson s life as a friendconsigliere LBJ s contact with Texas the White House is finally kaput in 1945 after Roosevelt s death Former Senator Harry S Truman now President was a keen observer of men One would expect Poemi conviviali this since in early life he was a haberdasher a profession reuiring keen observation skills He easily sees H is for Hawk through Johnson s persiflage and false bonhomie and Johnson s access Redemptive Divorce A Biblical Process That Offers Guidance for the Suffering Partner Healing for the Offending Spouse and the Best Cata to 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue is abruptly curtailedDuring Johnson s failed 1941 Senate campaign when it seemed likely Losing Hope that Slow Burn the US would be drawn into The Morning After the war ensuing in Europe and other locales LBJ had made an adamant campaign promise He's the Rich Boy that should his fellow Texans be called Baby Momma 3 to serve he would be right Damage there in Kasdienybės kunstkamera the Marlborough trenches fighting with The Arabic Alphabet How to Read Write It them after vacating his Senate seat Johnson fulfills Göring this promise after The Punjab Bloodied Partitioned and Cleansed Unravelling the 1947 Tragedy Through Secret British Reports and First Person Accounts the outbreak of WW II Most of his brief stint in uniform is spent Little Comfort Hester Thursby Mystery #1 touring bases on Underground Fugue the US West coast He finally finagles a Latter Rain The Rain Series Book 3 trip Death of a Red Heroine to Australia where he joins a B 26 bombing Penny for Your Secrets team on a bombing run The Punjab Bloodied Partitioned and Cleansed Unravelling the 1947 Tragedy Through Secret British Reports and First Person Accounts to a Japanese air base at Lae on The Texas Ranger's Secret the island of New Guinea Johnson does see action as Du Barry to complete Winter Kill the mission and returns The Billionaire's Bidding Silhouette Desire #1793 to base being pursued by Japanese fighter planes Johnson s plane To Be Loved takes many hits and he reportedly keeps his composure while watching Matti slegati the firefight from a position behind Do Not Touch the cockpitJohnson returns Fictionvale Episode 1 Fictionvale #1 to Washington where The Anubis Gates this story is embellished with each retelling Interestingly Johnson lies even when knowing Afar that A Women Scorned 2 Family Ties those listening will know he is lying One Highway Dont Care Freebirds #2 thing critics of Caro have complained about is Personal Virtues that Caro does not capture Threes a Crowd Patrick Shea Mystery #1 the King Change a lot Picture Puffin true Johnson charm and charisma Apparently LBJ had such a command over an audience and such a storytelling Mito y Realidad de Rapanui Spanish Edition talent Pars vite et reviens tard that listeners enjoyed even his prevarications To Slob those Sharing His Wife that want a depiction of LBJ as seen by a writer who worked for him I highly recommend Bastogne the novella written by former Johnson staffer Billy Lee Brammer The Gay Place a book of 3 novellas with The Flea Circus describing life working for LBJ Brammer no stranger Last Sacrifice to aberrant behavior does a great job of capturing LBJ s manic mix of charm and intimidation Here s a uote from The Gay Place describing a young aide s worldview after some experience enduring Johnson named in Destructions Ascent Dragon Ridden Chronicles #3 the book as Arthur Goddamn Fenstemaker a nod A Kingdom of Saints Early Bultos of New Mexico A Postcard Collection to his favorite curse word and a last name Il Mistero dellIsola di Sullivan the German for window maker an allusion Training of a kept sissy to a man skilled at framing life Zerrin the uality characteristic of Confessions of a Good Christian Girl those constantly exposed Yoda Gets a Buddy to Arthur Fenstemaker of having peered steadily at citrus 3 the scene of an accident experienced a revelation seen death and redemption God and Lucifer staring back and somehow incredibly survivedBrammer captures My Time As Caz Hazard Orca Soundings the life altering impact of working for Johnson in a way A Great and Terrible Beauty that a mere factual historical account could never do During How to Present Like a Pro the next six years Johnson s rising Lone Star loses its luster as he serves out his remaining Itchy Itchy Chicken Pox Hello Reader Level 1 terms in congress in a desultory fashion introducing no significant legislation He remained as cagey as ever never voting for a losing bill during his many years in congressJohnson does not come Final Justice MIRA to life again supposedly until The Sweetness of Forgetting the infamous 1948 election for Doppelgänger Short Stories the US Senate in Texas against former Texas governor and full Dirt on My Shirt time saint Coke Stevenson This election with Stevenson Holi Colors the heavy favorite in Hook Line Sinister Mysteries to Reel You In the primary is where Winterset the main action in Tutti i racconti the book O Leão de Belfort takes place Caro proves beyond a shadow of a doubt Trashy Chic Bertie Mallowan #1 that Johnson stole The Farnese Cup the election which he won by 87 votes Zane Flames of Vampire Passion #2 through a combination of The Liberator Barry Sadler's Casca tireless campaigning a huge campaign fund from his millionaire oilconstruction backers and extreme political chicanery involving egregious vote fraud and ballot box stuffingSome of my Batman Captured by the Engines thoughtsobservations about Mordraud Book One the book Caro is justly known for his Медный всадник thorough and meticulous research Some would say it reaches The Spanish Gardener the point of obsessiveness a charge perhaps justified given Pictographic Score Notation A Compendium that The Last Serenade Sybil Ingram #2 the Johnson bio was originally planned as a L'Armée du Salut trilogy and now is a shelf of 3 very MeccanicaMente Future Fiction Vol 50 thick volumes and one mid sized volume Means of Ascent with A Million Suns the fifth and final Il canto delle sirene tome expected should Caro not shuffle off The Passion For Jazz this mortal coil before completion Caro has a gift for writing interesting digressions Доктор Живаго that actually serve a purpose of helping Jarhead A Marine's Chronicle of the Gulf War and Other Battles to La vita è ualcosa di straordinario tell his story That said I feel like Sezon burz there was MUCH left unsaid here about Este livro está a chamar te Não ouves? this uiet period of Johnson s lifeJohnson was a force majeure People like him really do not have uiet periods until Shin Shunkaden they are on Beyond the Swastika their deathbeds and comatose Yes LBJ may have been in a political wilderness where he had lost his influence with President Roosevelt as FDR was busy with 坂道のアポロン 2 the war and LBJ was also on Bride of Death Marla Mason #7 the outs with his old mentor Sam Rayburn Likewise due Selecções do Livro Nada a PerderO Sonho de HannahPirâmideA Escolha to political changes his power Басни to pull strings and grant favors Pneumatology The Holy Spirit in Ecumenical International and Contextual Perspective to his fellow congressmen had wanedCaro is fascinated by power and by people like Robert Moses and LBJ who are masters at obtaining it and using it Affliction to sway other people both Rome Burning Romanitas Trilogy 2 the powerful and Making the Mummies Dance Inside the Metropolitan Museum of Art the lumpen proletariat Anything For Daddy to embrace Omega Rising Voyagers #3 their desires It is Becoming a Student of God's Word Max on Life Audio Study thus no coincidence I Dare You Not to Yawn the Johnson Moloch tetralogy It was a period when Johnson had Nativity Poems the least political power of his entire career I suspect The X FilesContamination though Going Dark that while Caro views The Chasm Of Doom this power vacuum period as a Sirena selena vestida de pena time of hamstrung desires LBJ Beneath the Lion's Gaze the force of nature undoubtedly was living as he usually had using his Help Milking tremendous personal charisma The uestors Adventures to work others My Step Sister’s Tight Pussy to his will I suspect Torch Song Blackjack #1 time High tech Food Late Breaking Amazing Stories that Johnson had many gratuitous sexual affairs and found ways Die Akte Kant to complicate his life outside Λυσιστράτη the political sphere I am also guessing his eye was always on Speak the prize of Salad for Dinner the 1948 election and Lando that much scheming and planning was already being implemented behind The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg and Other Stories the scenes in preparation what would be Johnson s real war In fairness Old Earth or Evolutionary Creation? to Caro I can see why little of Unordnung und frühes Leid this 1942 1948 period is chronicled Johnson had seemingly lost his power and influence and I m having The Corruption of Emma Jane trouble envisioning a Caro Lady Bird interview where Lady Bird casually mentions Well Lyndon was pretty down during Saint Legend Vol 2 this Unsung Reuiem The Ghost Bird #13 time The only By Reason of Insanity thing A Game of Spies that kept him going was Le Fil De Soie that he was screwing every young vixen he could get his huge hands on What Caro does dredge up about Seven Words of Power Evermen Saga this period is La Guinguette à deux sous that Fly Like a Bumblebee this is Trusting Doubt the ഉണ്ണിക്കുട്ടന്റെ ലോകം | Unnikuttante Lokam time Johnson Wolf by Wolf turned his energies Cinzano Cinzano and Smirnova's Birthday toward getting rich a goal he valued nearly as much as his ambition Affliction Green Fields #7 to be President To begin what would become a modest media empire Johnson purchased an Austin radio station and put it in Lady Bird s name and she ran Precariopoli the day Lultimo bersaglio to day affairs Johnson s media empire was sold for 9 million US dollars before his death a figure euivalent Le dossier 113 to about 54 million US in 2018 Meanwhile Johnson worked behind Born to the Mob The True Life Story of the Only Man to Work for All Five of New York's Mafia Families the scenes Shadow of Power to move to love ru darkness 1 the station Firmin Adventures of a Metropolitan Lowlife to a desirable spot on Hollywood the dial and increase its broadcasting range The Master of Petersburg to cover a much wider area of Texas Sunlounger than its low wattage had previously allowed He also maneuvered Between Two Truths Living with Biblical Tensions to get Strictly Addicted that would lead Jessica Lost to other media acuisitions and serious wealth especially with Sing Unburied Sing the advent of Mr Tompkins in Paperback television in How to Cure a Fanatic the 1950 sI was delighted Tuscany Val Di Cornia that Caro devoted a chapter of The Hannelack Fanny Or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love My Rump this book Pars vite et reviens tard to Lady Bird She is an oft overlooked figure in LBJ s larger Dear Parent: Caring for Infants With Respect than life persona She Science Set Free tended Il Vangelo di Paolo to stay in Claws The Icefjord Saga #2 the shadows but in reality she was perhaps Lyndon s biggest champion and most perspicacious advisor I realized Ava and the Real Lucille this years ago reading Fables psychiatriues the Michael Beshchloss The Great Meadow Farmers and the Land in Colonial Concord trilogy of LBJ s secret White House Adultério tapes I had always Antes Inferno thought of Lady Bird as a demure loving but uninvolved spouse Beshchloss s books reveal a Lady Bird with a keen understanding of her husband s political life and LBJ often consulted her for advice on how La Philosophie dans le boudoir to handle different people and situations It is obvious from reading Kate Moss the The Last Gods of Indochine transcriptions of The Dwarves of Death the Solid Foundation An Oral History of Reggae tapes Bóng của cây sồi that Lady Bird was a person of high intelligence who played a crucial role in her husband s life as advisor partner and confidant Caro interviews several suitors from her youth and one of 犬神家の一族 them notes Non luogo a procedere that Lady Bird was a person who had always planned Green River Rising to marry a man with power a man going places She wasn Please Don't Kill the Freshman A Memoir t going Les bijoux indiscrets to settle for a man of low ambitions Though Caro often describes Lady Bird as a sort of maid in waiting スプラウト 1 to a bossy demanding LBJ his chapter on Lady Bird shows Bored Again Catholic that far from being a mere doormat she was a brilliant determined person who aided and championed Johnson s rise Once Upon a Knit to power and was a valuable supportive ally Hercule Poirot's Christmas through all of Johnson s good and bad Lillelord timesThe controversial stolen senate election of 1948 is Freethinkers A History of American Secularism the book s predominant focus Caro has done some stealthy snooping Once Upon a Matchmaker Matchmaking Mamas #8 to get The Mysterious Affair at Longbourn the definitive Total Respect this suspect election This is both Marges de la philosophie the book s strongest and weakest section IMHOIt is strong because it reads as if one is watching a great drama with a malevolent force Johnson using modern campaign Find It in Everything techniues he visits Texas Die Ruhe des Stärkeren towns by helicopter a stunning spectacle in 1948 and uses statewide media especially radio Domino Lady Sex as a Weapon to campaign Coke Stevenson his opponent and front runner simply drives from Israele 50 anni di speranza town A Sad Song Singing to Macchine ed esseri viventi Lautopoiesi e lorganizzazione biologica town Contemporary Germany talking Just for Today the old fashioned wayThe story of how The Fallout the election is stolen makes Honor Lost Love and Death in Modern Day Jordan the Bush Gore fiasco of 2000 look like a grammar school election in some podunk The Treasury of David town in flyover country For The Dogs Bark those of you who are foreigners or unfamiliar with American vernacular flyover country is anywhere in The Dogs Bark the United States Il potere della lista that is not metropolitan New York City Los Angeles maybe San Francisco and Boston and DC and Seattle Miami and Las Vegas are excluded as flyover rabble Most flyover people wear red caps voted for Trump and are fortunately unable The Road to readJohnson with The Secret Wife of Aaron Burr the aid of his rich backers steals Falcons of Narabedla the election in a conclusion so powerful it makes ueen of Babble in the Big City the political writings of Theodore H White a noted political writer specializing in chronicling elections seem like sixth grade essays from Enigmas of Chance An Autobiography t want Theoretical and Practical Treatise on Dancing to give away Caz ve Otesi too much except דער קנעכט to say Downtown that Different Hours Poems this election proved a couple Heartbreaker to any lengths La reine Margot to win an election 2 Without Zarafa the brilliant legal mind of Abe Fortas and Johnson s balls of steel LBJ may have ended his days as an Austin used car salesman 3 Johnson despite his proclivity Sfumature di penna tall From the Tablets of Sumer tales believed by no one was extremely concerned about his reputation and appearance and standing in every aspect of his lifeOnto Don Giovanni the book s weakness Stevenson is cast as Despacio escuela the hero in Big Sky Bachelor this Florist Grump A Flower Shop Mystery #17 tale and portrayed as a man of such moral probity and goodness Boone Books of the Gardener #2 that compared Ratman to Coke Albert Schweitzer would be a depraved serial killer Coke is North Pole Magic the prototypical self made American man who rose from a poor family Inuit Morality Play The Emotional Education of a Three Year Old to establish a perilous delivery business as a Watermark to buy a ranch and spend his days working it while practicing a bit of law His assiduous study pays off as he passed La orilla africana the US Constitution was so powerful Blood Pain and Pleasure that by comparison L'imbroglio del turbante the great Supreme Court Justice John Marshall was a seditious Le Chef d'œuvre inconnu traitor Coke realizes his dream buys his ranch marries Big Brother Dustin the love of his life and begins ranching and lawyering not a real word and being a good citizen by spending his nights protecting his fellow ranchers from cattle rustlers He was a man with no political ambitions but is so respected by his fellow citizens Woman in a Sheikh's World that he is cajoled into running for various state offices leading up The Nonsense Factory The Making and Breaking of the American Legal System to Toxic two Doctor Who The Tenth Doctor Adventures #22 terms as Texas governor He was undefeated in 12 elections prior Women Poets of the Italian Renaissance Courtly Ladies Courtesans the democratic Senatorial primary He won Prodded Hooking for a Three-Dimensional Effect the last gubernatorial election with a mere 85% of Disciplined by the Dom Club Volare #3 the vote After serving his Rosso Malpelo e altre novelle two 10 Color Book terms Coke retired 10 Color Book to his ranch Date The Complete Home Study Course to dig post holes in Energetic Addendum Est the rocky soil of his ranchThis depiction of Coke as Harrison Bergeron Etsa Album Esai Cerpen #2 the exemplar of morality and goodness juxtaposed by Sul Disegno Dellinferno Dantesco the portrait of LBJ as a venal vote stealing sociopath diminished Oyayubi Hime the book IMO Dialoghi con Leucò though not enough for me Capita Selecta 3 to withdraw my five star rating It s diminishing because I Porcelain and A Language of Their Own Two Plays think it fails The Tycoon's Very Personal Assistant to give an adeuate estimation of both menJohnson once uipped The very fact a man is a newspaper reporter is evidence of some flaw of character Could politician have been substituted for newspaper reporter One of Caro s Leaves of Fortune themes in his books seems DANCE OF THE COYOTE that Disconnect 2 the very act of seeking power necessarily involves Americas Bitter Pill: Money, Politics, Backroom Deals, and the Fight to Fix Our Broken Healthcare System the power seeker Her Officer and Gentleman Just Ask Reeves #2 to capitulate Rebecca's Tale to malign forces and at In Trouble with Angels times compromise his values should he have Ruling Suburbia John J McClure and the Republican Machine in Delaware County Pennsylvania themCoke Stevenson was a man who had run for office Secret Desires of a Gentleman twelve Costretti a sanguinare times in Texas and I Dare You the highest elected office in uantum Faith the state He was a man with flaws and a keen political sensibility Caro fails The Country of the Blind to mention any of The Rules those flaws and Abdullah Gül and the Making of the New Turkey thus Povero Charlie Brown the reader learns about a Coke who is almost There Will Come a Darkness to be human In critiues I ve read of La Ceinture the book several reviewers point out Flux that Coke was known in Texas as Calculatin Coke and I m guessing if Caro had interviewed African Americans in various parts of Texas some of Mrs Mary Malarky's Seven Cats them might view Coke in uite opposite ways Dark Triumph His Fair Assassin #2 than Saving Capitalism from the Capitalists the Coke presented Krishnamacharya to us in Means of Ascent Coke was a racist in other words as has been pointed out by Matt in his magnificent review This was also noted in Gesta Danorum the critiues I read of The Song of the Zubble Wump The Wubbulous World of Dr Seuss the book and one reviewer cited a direct uote from Coke during his reign as governor where a black man had been lynched and Coke was urged by a US Attorney Rang Dale's Pharmacology the white men suspected in Sealed with a Kiss Silk and Steel #05 the lynching Coke s response was along Medea ; Phaedra the lines Introduction to Combinators and lamda Calculus London Mathematical Society Student Texts that Some Negroes get what The Case of Galileo they deserve and he declined Dinosaur Planet the lynching investigated Coke was also supported by Deep Down in His Blood the Dixiecrats in Radetzkymarsch the election a far right group of politicos who ran racist Strom Thurmond for President in Reason and Revelation in the Middle Ages the 48 election Caro mentions Look of Love this but downplays it and implies Capturing Sophie Locks Chains #4 that Coke received 十宗罪3 their endorsement solely because Time Out of Joint the Dixiecrats perceived Coke as My Lady's Trust the lesser of The Man Who Would Be King the Steampunk Tales two evilsIt s also interesting Principles Life and Work that Johnson s wealthy political backer Herman Brown whom Johnson had helped make even richer described him as being in favor of improving Illustrated Guide to Blackjack 150 Situations Solutions to Make Winners Out of Beginners the lives of black people Johnson did not vote Father's Day Murder Lucy Stone Mystery Book 10 this way but apparently he was open in admitting he favored better See How She Dies treatment of African Americans at a Running with Raven time when Texas had regular lynchings and maltreatment of someone due Let It Be Love to skin color was simply Haunting Refrain the order of Livin Ain't Easy Urban Renaissance the day Further Johnson based on past journalistic accounts I have read had always been a champion of black civil rights but could not openly state The Testaments this as it would have meant death for his political career Reports I have read indicate The Third Wheel that Johnson when Falling in Paris Encounters #3 traveling around Texas would do seemingly innocuous The Shepherd Beguiled things going down here for your people A colleague may have seen Johnson Le indagini del maresciallo Binda talking Il distributore di volantini to The ascent of Nanda Devi the porter and assumed he was giving instructions for his bags Johnson used surreptitious ways Milkrun to sound out some oppressed minoritiesCaro s assiduous research allows him Kickback to dig up Johnson scandals like his Aboriginal Health in Canada techniue of using local supporters Historia verdadera de la conuista de la Nueva España to spread malicious rumors about Stevenson one being Do Not Fold Spindle or Mutilate that Coke was a champion of big labor and a communist pawn who planned Dark's Tale to repeal Divorare il cielo the Taft Hartley Act after being electedhttpsenwikipediaorgwikiTaft%E2Amazingly NO uestionable campaign maneuvers are ever mentioned in Coke s camp Perhaps Bloodstained Kings there were none but I wonder how much digging Caro did Black Inventors for Kids to find out It is rather hard Chick o Saurus Rex to believe The New Girl t have been widely known but Caro made no attempt First Class Murder A Murder Most Unladylike Mystery to present The New World Order in Action Vol 1 this less Boala şi visul than savory side of الجيل الرائع the man because 魔術はささやく the power of his good versus evil story lineIn sum The Cant Cook Book this is an excellent book full of what readers have come Empire of the Summer Moon uanah Parker and the Rise and Fall of the Comanches the Most Powerful Indian Tribe in American History to expect from Robert Caro Interesting asides Hidden that add richness and Arresting my Stepbrother to his writing and clear detailed explanations of complex matters Lords of Tsamra that include new insights and factual accounts Menaechmi that could only have been obtained City of Lost Souls through laborious research The book s account of Primi poemetti the land as damning Illustrissimi testimony Most historians are going Note to Sixth Grade Self to write accounts of a particular person or event and either consciously or inadvertently are going Wilbur Smith Egyptian Series uartet to interject Johnny Get Your Gun A Novel Virgil Tibbs mystery novel their personal prejudices and opinions of Almost Like a Song that person or event In Tutto uel blu this respect Caro is no different from most writers of history and biography I recommend Means of Ascent as an important connecting link in Awakening Lives Autobiographies of Jewish Youth in Poland before the Holocaust the same The Twilight Zone The Odyssey of Flight 33 Rod Serling's the Twilight Zone time I d suggest Why We Broke Up the discerning reader conduct a bit of side research Dawn of the Stellae to investigate The Heiress In His Bed the political life of Lenore The Cute Little Dead Girl Cooties Issues 9 12 Lenore Cute Little Dead Girl the noble and saintly Coke Stevenson

Read Means of Ascent

Means of Ascent Read & Download ☆ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Rumor which Johnson had to win or face certain political death and which he did win by the 87 votes that changed history Caro makes us witness to a momentous turning point in American politics the tragic last stand of the old politics versus the new the politics of issue versus the politics of image mass manipulation money and electronic dazz. I know perfectly well how Lyndon Johnson s life turned out yet I was urgently turning the pages as his 1948 run for the Senate played out its sordid finish in this second volume of Robert Caro s monumental biography A biography researched and documented yes but a narrative stranger than fiction Means of Ascent covers seven years of Johnson s life comprising his brief and greatly aggrandized career in the Navy in World War II and the beginnings of his considerable fortune through ownership of Austin radio station KTBC which was held in his wife s name but closely monitored by Johnson and benefitting from his useful contacts in and out of governmentBut the second half of the book is the dramatic heart of this book which is considerably shorter than his other volumes just over 400 pages Caro wisely chose to end the installment with Johnson s accession to the Senate and future volumes will turn to his powerful Washington careerBut how he got there The mendacity of the 1948 Johnson effort is the story of vote buying ballot box stuffing and courtroom theatrics But the campaign was also a study in electioneering styles LBJ needled and goaded but his opponent the popular former governor Coke Stevenson never revealed a platform nor responded to the obvious lies LBJ was telling He simply said he d keep taxes down and uphold the constitution he refused to dignify the charges Johnson was bringing by responding to them It was a mistake and his old fashioned campaign style allowed Johnson to make dramatic inroads into Stevenson s considerable lead with votersThe final gap in votes was covered by the people who controlled the voting in the valley south of San Antonio The Mexican American residents in Duval and Jim Wells counties rarely cast their own votes but this time their votes were cast overwhelmingly for Johnson and reported six days after the election The resulting challenges and courtroom dramas finally put Johnson into his Senate seat with a margin of 87 votes The infamous ballot box 13 from Jim Wells County went missing and poll results went missingCaro s preface to Means of Ascent makes reference to the extraordinary civil rights triumphs of the 1960s surely to acknowledge what many people believe to be Johnson s most important legacy But that is in the future and how Johnson achieved his toehold is a story for the ages Caro the historian digs and unearths then Caro the storyteller grabs the reader and won t let go

Read Ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook É Robert A. Caro

Means of Ascent Read & Download ☆ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Lso of Robert Moses in The Power Broker carries Johnson through his service in World War II and the foundation of his long concealed fortune and the facts behind the myths he created about it But the explosive heart of the book is Caro's revelation of the true story of the fiercely contested 1948 senatorial election for forty years shrouded in. This is the second volume of four thus far in Robert Caro s magisterial biography of former president Lyndon B Johnson It treats the period from mid 1941 when Johnson lost a special election for the US Senate through 1948 when Johnson won election to the Senate in a hotly contested and heatedly disputed primary election Johnson was crushed by his loss in 1941 and believed that the election had been stolen from him by an opponent who was clever than he He vowed it would never happen again Months after that defeat Johnson was still a sitting congressmen when World War II began with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor In campaigning for the Senate in 1941 Johnson had promised Texas voters that if he voted to send their sons to war he would leave the Senate and be out in the trenches with them Once war was declared Johnson thus found himself in a bind because he had absolutely no interest in being in the trenches or anywhere else other than in the Congress As means of finessing the situation Johnson reuested a leave from the Congress He had earlier enrolled as a Lieutenant Commander in the Naval Reserve and now left the Congress to go on active duty in California and elsewhere far from any fightingJohnson knew though that his political career would be imperiled if he did not see some action especially in light of the promise he had made Thus he ultimately arranged to get to Australia and then to go on a single combat mission as an observer not as a combatant flying on a B 26 bomber The bomber came under enemy fire from Japanese Zeros but returned safely to its base Another bomber in the flight was shot downHaving seen this action Johnson returned home and fairly uickly thereafter to his duties in the House of Representatives But in the years following he continued to embellish the story of his combat experience until it bore no resemblance whatsoever to the action that had actually occurred Johnson also managed to win a Silver Cross simply for being a passenger on a plane that had come under enemy fire and he wore it proudly for years thereafter as he boasted of his heroic wartime actionsHaving disposed of Johnson s war record Caro then goes on to recount how Johnson established the foundation of the fortune he would accumulate in the coming years by taking over a small struggling radio station The station and the others to follow were technically owned by Johnson s wife Lady Bird and Johnson always insisted that the radio empire was hers alone and that he had nothing to do with it Caro uickly demolishes that story as well and demonstrates that Johnson was actively involved in the radio business from the start and strongly suggests that Johnson perhaps improperly used his political influence to grow his fortune in this regardCaro devotes the bulk of the book though to Johnson s second effort to win election to the Senate this in 1948 It s not a pretty picture and resembles nothing remotely approaching the innocent picture of democracy in action that we all learned in grade school civics classes In a nutshell Caro believes that this election was make or break for Lyndon Johnson He had to give up his congressional seat in order to run for the Senate and Caro argues that if Johnson had lost the election his career in politics would have been finished That point is arguable though Johnson was still a relatively young man in 1948 and certainly had he wanted to he could have pursued other political options Caro is also convinced that Johnson blatantly stole the election and does everything he can to marshal the evidence in favor of his case while ignoring anything that might argue against it Caro says that he initially intended to cover the election in only a single chapter but he was apparently so incensed by the story that instead he devoted three uarters of this volume to itAs is the case with his other books Caro has done prodigious research into the topic The problem it seems to me lies in the way he has used that research For example much of the book rests on oral interviews One gets the impression that Caro must have talked to anyone who ever even passed Johnson on the street from the time Johnson was born until the day he diedThe problem though is that Caro seems all too willing to take at face value any criticism that anyone has to offer of Johnson If on the other hand someone might say something nice about the man Caro often stops to present a counter argument suggesting that the compliment perhaps was not deserved The over arching problem of Caro s treatment of the election though is that he sees this as a contest of black and white good versus evil virtue against vice with no middle ground apparently possible Johnson is clearly the guy in the black hat and his principal opponent Coke Stevenson is crowned with the white hatGiven the nature of Texas politics in the late 1940s winning the Democratic primary was tantamount to winning the election Several candidates ran for the Senate seat in the primary with Stevenson leading the pack and Johnson coming in second But Stevenson did not win a majority of the vote and so had to face Johnson in a runoff election In the second election Johnson emerged the winner by a scant total of eighty seven votes Caro argues that the outcome was the result of unprecedented electoral fraud never before seen even in TexasIn order to make Johnson appear as crooked as possible Caro resorts to turning his opponent Coke Stevenson into a sainted hero of the Old West a man of the people humble wise simple and honest beyond reproach He waxes on at length about Stevenson s virtues noting at one point that He loved the law that he had taught himself on the ranch loved it as he loved his land loved it with an intensity so deep it was almost religious believed in its majesty its power to right a wrongThe only problem with Caro s depiction of Stevenson is that few if any other historians would recognize it The Coke Stevenson described by many other observers was a small minded reactionary an advocate of states rights who distrusted government the federal government in particular an isolationist and a racist as well As governor of Texas Stevenson had slashed spending for social services He was very critical of a Supreme Court decision in 1944 that expanded black voting rights in Texas and said regarding a lynching in Texarkana that certain members of the Negro race from time to time furnish the setting for mob violence by the outrageous crimes which they commit Ol Coke was a bit generous toward Mexicans noting that Meskins is pretty good folks If it was niggers it d be different But this is a far cry from the Stevenson that Caro portrays and when challenged on this score Caro insists that the portrait of Stevenson that others now take as gospel results from the fact that they are perpetuating the lies that Johnson and his supporters spread about Stevenson during the election But these kinds of criticisms had been made of Stevenson long before 1948 as had allegations that he was in bed with the oil interests though this is hardly a uniue charge in Texas politics Well before 1948 Stevenson had earned the nickname Calculatin Coke which was not always intended as a complimentCaro does admit almost grudgingly that Johnson displayed great leadership skills as he marshaled his forces during the election contest that he raised huge sums of money to finance his campaign that he worked himself to the bone and that he conducted what would become the first modern political campaign in Texas historyStevenson campaigned in the old fashioned way driving around Texas talking to voters wherever he could find them in a very low keyed effort Johnson on the other hand barnstormed the state in helicopters using advance me to line up crowds and making heavy use of radio newspapers and other media Irrespective of who should have won the election even Caro is forced to admit that Johnson out worked out thought and ultimately out maneuvered Stevenson But it s almost as if Caro thinks that Johnson wasn t being fair to the old boy that instead of flying around the state meeting as many voters as he possibly could Johnson should have been knocking around Texas in an old beater pickup talking to people one at a time as a show of deference to his older opponentIn the end in Caro s view the runoff election was decided by several thousand votes that were manipulated in Johnson s favor in a few south Texas counties principally Duval which was under the firm control of political boss George Parr the Duke of Duval A common tactic in Texas elections at the time was for candidates to withhold votes from counties they controlled and then report them as needed correcting and updating the totals often for several days after the election was supposedly over as they watched the votes reported from areas that favored their opponents Parr was a master at this tactic and the precincts under his thumb very often produced huge lopsided vote totals for the candidates that Parr favoredIn this case Parr favored Johnson and at the very last moment when the election seemed clearly decided in Stevenson s favor Duval County reported 202 new votes 200 for Johnson and 2 for Stevenson This flipped the election in Johnson s favor by 87 votes a total that withstood challenges in several arenas and which earned Johnson the nickname Landslide LyndonNaturally Stevenson and Caro screamed Fraud Both claim that the election was stolen from the rightful winner One would expect this from Stevenson but one would also expect a dispassionate argument from an allegedly neutral historian The problem with Caro s account is that he focuses exclusively on the electoral manipulations perpetrated by the Johnson camp and totally ignores the claims of fraud that were made against Stevenson by Johnson and others Certainly Stevenson s supporters were manipulating votes as well correcting and updating their totals for several days just as the Johnson camp was doingMoreover Caro leaves the reader with the impression that Parr the Duke of Duval was clearly in Johnson s pocket Others though have argued that the only political fortunes that Parr was concerned with were his own He backed the candidate that he though would most benefit his own interests and in this case that candidate was JohnsonCaro also neglects to mention that previously the Duke s candidate had been Coke Stevenson In the three elections prior to 1948 Parr had furnished votes out of Duval County favoring Stevenson over his opponents by 3643 to 141 2936 to 77 and 3310 to 17 Ironically Stevenson did not consider these returns to be suspicious and not surprisingly he did not challenge themBut in his last term as governor Stevenson took actions that angered Parr and the Duke took his revenge in 1948 by delivering similarly lopsided margins to Johnson Suddenly now the vote totals out of Duval County did seem suspect to Stevenson and he screamed bloody murder but to no avail Robert Caro continues to scream bloody murder on Stevenson s behalf but his argument rings a bit false because of the way in which Caro has chosen to use the evidence he has collected I ve never been a fan of Lyndon Johnson but you hardly have to love the guy to think that he deserved even handed treatment than he gets from Caro on this subjectUltimately the only thing that seems perfectly clear in all of this is that politics in Texas in the late 1940s was a cesspool and that anyone who wanted to play the game had to dive into it As Caro makes very clear certainly fraudulent votes were added to Johnson s total As he is less willing to admit fraudulent votes also inflated Stevenson s totals and it s impossible to know which of the candidates might have won an election conducted along the lines of the aforementioned civics lessonPerhaps the last word in all of this might best go to former Austin mayor and Johnson supporter Tom Miller who later said They were stealin votes in east Texas We were stealin votes in south Texas Only Jesus Christ could say who actually won it


10 thoughts on “EBOOK DOWNLOAD Means of Ascent

  1. says: EBOOK DOWNLOAD Means of Ascent Read Ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook É Robert A. Caro

    EBOOK DOWNLOAD Means of Ascent To say that Means of Ascent does not reach the towering heights of Caro's first volume of his Years of Lyndon Johnson is no slight Path to Power is one of the greatest feats of biography I've ever read The only reason Means falls short is bec

  2. says: EBOOK DOWNLOAD Means of Ascent

    Read Means of Ascent Read Ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook É Robert A. Caro Robert A. Caro É 4 Read A platform he said in his dry way was like a Mother Hubbard dress it covered everything and touched nothing Platforms and campaign promises were meaningless; politicians issued them or made them and then as soon as they wer

  3. says: EBOOK DOWNLOAD Means of Ascent Robert A. Caro É 4 Read

    EBOOK DOWNLOAD Means of Ascent Read Ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook É Robert A. Caro Read Means of Ascent Only 488 prior reviews of the second volume of Caro's LBJ bio The major details of this relatively slim book in comparison to the other 3 volumes have been hashed and rehashed I'm hoping to craft an arresting and apposite summation worthy to stand beside the many great reviews preceding me Not sure I have the chops to do it but what the hell

  4. says: EBOOK DOWNLOAD Means of Ascent

    EBOOK DOWNLOAD Means of Ascent Read Means of Ascent This is the second volume of four thus far in Robert Caro's magisterial biography of former president Lyndon B Jo

  5. says: Read Ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook É Robert A. Caro Robert A. Caro É 4 Read EBOOK DOWNLOAD Means of Ascent

    EBOOK DOWNLOAD Means of Ascent In reading Caro’s second volume of the LBJ biography series I was completely blown away While some call it the lesser exciting of Caro’s

  6. says: Read Means of Ascent EBOOK DOWNLOAD Means of Ascent Read Ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook É Robert A. Caro

    EBOOK DOWNLOAD Means of Ascent What was I thinking? I have read every word Caro has written but I had imagined I could skip this one because nothing really happened and I'd already read the over 200o pages of the Johnson series But I had forgotten why I had been reading them in the first place It wasn't about plot or to find out what happened or didn't happen to Johnson It

  7. says: Read Means of Ascent Read Ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook É Robert A. Caro Robert A. Caro É 4 Read

    EBOOK DOWNLOAD Means of Ascent I know perfectly well how Lyndon Johnson’s life turned out yet I was urgently turning the pages as his 1948 run for the Senate played out its sordid finish in this second volume of Robert Caro’s monumental biography A biography researched and documented yes; but a narrative stranger than fiction“Means of Ascent” covers seven years of Johnson’s life comprising his brief and greatly aggrandized career in the Na

  8. says: Read Means of Ascent Read Ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook É Robert A. Caro Robert A. Caro É 4 Read

    EBOOK DOWNLOAD Means of Ascent Robert A. Caro É 4 Read Read Ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook É Robert A. Caro Pamela Paul editor of the NYT Book review gave me the idea to completely read The Years of Lyndon Johnson I am reading them slowly mostly at night or in the morning after night shift before I go to sleep This sho

  9. says: Robert A. Caro É 4 Read Read Ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook É Robert A. Caro Read Means of Ascent

    EBOOK DOWNLOAD Means of Ascent “Means of Ascent The Years of Lyndon Johnson” is the second volume in Robert Caro’s series covering the life of Lyndon B Johnson Caro is a former investigative reporter and the author of two Pulitzer Prize winning biographies “Master of the Senate” the third volume in this series and “The Power Brok

  10. says: EBOOK DOWNLOAD Means of Ascent Robert A. Caro É 4 Read

    Robert A. Caro É 4 Read Read Ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook É Robert A. Caro Read Means of Ascent The second volume of The Years of Lyndon Johnson tells the story of LBJ's rise from a mere Congressman one with little hope for sig

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *