(PDF/EPUB) [The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee Native America from 1890 to the Present] · David Treuer

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  • The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee Native America from 1890 to the Present
  • David Treuer
  • English
  • 05 October 2018
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The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee Native America from 1890 to the Present Free read í 4 Es of survival The devastating seizures of land gave rise to increasingly sophisticated legal and political maneuvering that put the lie to the myth that Indians don't know or care about property The forced assimilation of their children at government run boarding schools incubated a unifying Native identity Conscription in the US military and the pull of urban life brought Indians into the mainstream and modern times even as it steered the emerging shape of self rule and spawned a new generation of resistance The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee is the essential intimate story of a resilient people in a transformative era But to be Indian and alive is no easy thing The story of the Indian has been a story about loss loss of land loss of culture loss of a way of life Yes Indians remain David Treuer s The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee is part history of Native Americans in the contiguous US part reportage of contemporary Indians and part memoir as Treuer is Ojibwe The macro history is far from pretty as Part 1 is titled Narrating the Apocalypse which covered pre history to the pivotal 1890 Wounded Knee massacre Some noteworthy lessons for me included Archaeological findings in present day Pennsylvania at Meadowcroft Rockshelter dated back 19000 years This corroborated the presence of indigenous peoples prior to the formation of the Bering Strait land bridge Christopher Columbus acted as a mercenary and violent slave trader in his exploration of the New World for gold Even his royal sponsors could not tolerate his abuses and he died in disgrace Forget the Thanksgiving image of Pilgrims and Indians gathering at the banuet table The Pilgrims killed the Peuot tribe in 1637 in present day Boston Treuer wanted to draw attention to Native American strengths He wanted to dispel the prevailing belief that the 1890 Wounded Knee massacre signaled the demise of the Indian and thus the opening of the American frontier Had they existed then the United Nations would have easily identified the genocidal policies and campaigns of the European colonizers and then the American government In light of that I was hard pressed to see the Indian successes in Part 1 because of the human tendency to recall negative events readily than positive ones But Treuer was right that 1890 marked the nadir and not the annihilation of Native Americans Challenges persisted throughout the 20th century The US government had already established a pattern of treaty brokering and then reneging on them So unsurprisingly the wide array of federal policies weren t beneficial for Indians for decades and even when well intentioned they were detrimental Citizenship was a hard won victory in 1924 after 17000 Indian men served in the US military during WWI In fact the first code talkers weren t the Navajo peoples that was WW2 but the Choctaw soldiers in WW1 Native American cultures though remained under attack Indian boarding schools forced family separations child labor and the suppression of tribal languages attire and religious beliefs for most of the 20th centuryBroader social trends in the US were impactful as well More than one third of Native American men served in WW2 and this far exceeded representation from all other racial groups The shared experiences of war and boarding schools were beginning to shape an American Indian consciousness in addition to the individual tribal affiliations The National Congress of American Indians formed in 1944 as delegates from 50 tribes banded together to oppose federal policies They had been inspired by the creation of the NAACP by African Americans Others however were admiring of the Black Panthers in the 1960s The Red Power and the American Indian Movement were formed in pursuit of faster progress These two groups occupied Alcatraz Island the abandoned federal prison located in the San Francisco Bay in addition to other uestionable activities to garner attention for the plight of Indians Tremendous progress came with two laws in the 1970s that restored religious freedom to Native Americans as guaranteed to all Americans by the First Amendment and their ability to shape Indian education After decades of federal policies that forced cultural assimilation how to be Indian was now a uestion for Indians to determine for my mother being Indian wasn t a condition to be cured or a past to be escaped and even improved upon But to be Indian is not to be poor or to struggle To believe in sovereignty to move through the world imbued with the dignity of that reality is to resolve one of the major contradictions of modern Indian life it is to find a way to be Indian and modern simultaneously Tribal sovereignty was only truly restored through a series of legal actions that had also begun in the 1970s This enabled the recent economic creation of gaming venues by than half of all tribes Casinos however aren t the sole panacea but only one piece of the tribes puzzle of economic development Native Americans still face tremendous challenges as measured by income health and crime metrics But as Treuer emphasized the Indians survived In the 500 plus federally recognized tribes the current population of Native Americans exceeds 2 million a than ten fold increase since the 1890 nadir When Indians with multiple ancestries are included then the Native American population swells to than 5 million persons The American Indian Dream is as much about looking back and bringing the culture along with it as it is about looking ahead We re using modernity in the best possible way to work together and to heal what was broken The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee is a really information dense book and this review can only skate the surface Treuer included brief bios of several Native American men with testimonies of life as early as the 1940s Treuer incorporated women s narratives starting with his mother in the end of his book to describe the leaders of change And since this book is part memoir the Indian history is skewed toward the author s Ojibwe connection I recommend this book to those interested in American history In order to live up to the ideals espoused by the Constitution one needs a complete picture of historical failures and successes to assess how well we truly measure up and what progress yet remains I had read both the audio book and the ebook The former was narrated by a woman which was surprising given the first person perspective for most of the book I did enjoy hearing the correct pronunciation of Indian words Treuer weaved the individual narratives with the macro history and that became a bit confusing for me with the audio version Neither version made learning the brutalities and genocides any easier to bear The Native American history is one of ascending from the depths of hell to the surface of the earth and seeing the sky

review The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee Native America from 1890 to the PresentThe Heartbeat of Wounded Knee Native America from 1890 to the Present

The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee Native America from 1890 to the Present Free read í 4 Ive life past and present for his nonfiction and novels David Treuer has uncovered a different narrative Because they did not disappear and not despite but rather because of their intense struggles to preserve their language their traditions their families and their very existence the story of American Indians since the end of the nineteenth century to the present is one of unprecedented resourcefulness and reinvention In The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee Treuer melds history with reportage and memoir Tracing the tribes' distinctive cultures from first contact he explores how the depredations of each era spawned new mod This book was incredibly hard for me to rate I think it deserves a 5 Most of the time the reading experience for me was only a 3 and sometimes a 4 and only occasionally a 5 and sometimes even a 2 I can t in good conscience give it less than a 4 and it pains for not to give it 5 full stars This should be a history book and class in every high school preferably mandatory so different from the false histories I was taught when in K 12 Ideally it would be supplemented with other materials and visits by Native Americans giving talks and participating in discussions and answering uestions but this would work as the main book for the classes It is an important book and I learned so much I do consider this a must read book for everyone particularly residents of North America but everyone The reason for the docking of a star was that for me it was a really slow read I always wanted to keep reading and never lost interest but it wasn t a page turner for me It took me 4 weeks to read I read other books during that time even without them I think it would have taken me nearly as long to read It s really really dense All crucial information but slow going I got hold of the audio edition thinking my reading would go faster if I simultaneously read the hardcover the Overdirve audio edition but I was wrong I hated the narration I was shocked to hear a woman s voice doing the narration I was expecting a man This is David Treuer s story his family s story his tribePeople s story and his account of interviews he had with others and his take on history and the present If it can t be in his voice it needs to at least be a man s voice The narrator s inflections might be his and I like to think that they are but it still sounds wrong So I mostly just continued reading the hardcover book after giving the audio edition along with the paper edition a fairly long trial period I enjoyed his story I love his parents including his Holocaust surviving Jewish father I wish there were even but I appreciated all the maps photos drawings pictures that were included I always love maps in books and those here helped me better understand the narrativeI almost immediately felt guilty for having loved the book Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee when I read it decades ago when it was a recently published book The author makes a compelling case for why that book misrepresents things More than once in the book he talks about why that book disturbs himThis book is so packed with information Only at 100 pages in does the reader reach the subtitle of 1890 to the Present The first 100 pages is distant history And when people now talk about the Native AmericansIndians of this area or that area well I had no idea There were a plethora of tribesNations in most areas Not just the ones remaining in the recent past So many So much changeWhen I read the California section I see so many names that are now street names and place names in my city and I want them changed They should never have been named as they have beenMy favorite parts were the section prior to 1890 and other earlier rather than recently in history sections or the present sections because I learned so much Much of what was written about the mid 1960s to the present I had awareness going in though I still learned much and still enjoyed many people s stories There are many exceedingly distressing accounts and there is also a fair amount of humor The narrative shows the complexity of this history The Epilogue and the A Note on Sources were both excellent and made me appreciate the book even I didn t read all the notes pages 461 488 I always wish this information could somehow be included in the book proper or all the index pages 489 511 In summary this is a fascinating informative history of Natives in North America particularly in the area that is now the United States from the distant past to the present I highly recommend it I wish I d had history taught to me like this when I was in school This is a book written with adult readers in mind but I think it s fine for high school and up I want to read even on this subject I can t do this book justice in a review It s so full of information history stories Highly recommended

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The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee Native America from 1890 to the Present Free read í 4 LONGLISTED FOR THE 2020 ANDREW CARNEGIE MEDAL FOR EXCELLENCEA sweeping history and counter narrative of Native American life from the Wounded Knee massacre to the presentThe received idea of Native American history as promulgated by books like Dee Brown's mega bestselling 1970 Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee has been that American Indian history essentially ended with the 1890 massacre at Wounded Knee Not only did one hundred fifty Sioux die at the hands of the U S Cavalry the sense was but Native civilization did as well Growing up Ojibwe on a reservation in Minnesota training as an anthropologist and researching Nat a sweeping overview of Indigenous life in America covering first centuries then decades of history at a breakneck pace the lengthy first part reads like a fast paced textbook and recaps how tribes across the present day US lived before the arrival of Europeans how they responded to differing forms of colonization by the French English and Spanish the work then jolts into a swift account of the American gov s violent seizure of tribal lands during the 19th century up to the point of the Wounded Knee Massacre after which Treuer veers between reportage memoir and narrative history in considering the course of Indigenous resistance to American rule during the 20th and 21st centuries the writer tends to abruptly transition and drop uote bombs but both habits here are thought provoking than frustrating there s so much going on in this book and no one part feels complete with the history especially feeling rushed but Treuer brings to light so much that s not widely known and his work s worth checking out