EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman

Free read á PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Gerald M. Edelman

Read & Download Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness Gerald M. Edelman · 6 Summary Free read á PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Gerald M. Edelman The self and to the origins of feelings learning and memory His analysis of the brain activities underlying consciousness is based on recent remarkable advances in biochemistry immunology medical imaging neuroscience and evolutionary biology yet the implications of his book extend farther beyond the worlds of science and medicine into virtually every area of human inui. This is not so much a review as a synopsisEdelman s work on both researching and describing neuroanatomy has significantly changed the way we see how the brain works It is not too difficult to follow and should be enough to rock subjects like psychology to the core as they seem happy to proceed on the delusion that there is some kind of metaphysical ie non physical mind that bears no resemblance to the brain With people such as Edelman and Maturana and Varela on the case metaphysical approaches to the mind should soon be a thing of the past wishful thinkingRe entry within the dynamic core of the brain allows for primary consciousness mediation of value category memory originating in bodily experiences and thru re entry can be re enacted with or without motor function at any time and perceptual categorisation the here and now of sorting perception into different objects Higher Order consciousness re entrant circuits mediating between primary consciousness and semantic capability Symbolic nature of semantic dissociation between symbol and meaning combined with the flexibility of manipulating these symbols thru syntax releases the consciousness from the remembered present and thru these re entrant circuits enables remembered past imagined past and future and planned future although the conscious process involves representation the neural substrate of consciousness is non representational 104 mental images arise in a primary consciousness scene largely by the same neural processes by which direct perceptual images arise One relies on memory the other on signals from without 105it is thru re entry that these processes are so similarThis view rejects the notion of computation and the idea that there is a language of thought Meaning is not identical to mental representation Instead it arises as a result of the play between value systems varying environmental cues learning and non representational memory 105also Thibault Jnl of Prag much of cognitive psychology is ill founded There are no functional states that can be uniuely euated with defined or coded computational states in individual brains and no process that can be euated with the execution of algorithms Instead there is an enormously rich set of selectional repertoires of neuronal groups whose degenerate responses can by selection accommodate the open ended richness of environmental input individual history and individual variation Intentionality and will in this view both depend on local contexts in the environment the body and the brain but they can selectively arise only through such interactions and not as precisely defined computations 111embodied and groundedConstructivist brain Filling in of the blind spot the phenomena of apparent motion and gestalt phenomena can all be explained in terms of temporal synchrony in re entrant circuits The same is true of time of succession and of duration The re entrant brain combines concepts and percepts with memory and new input to make a coherent picture at all costs 124eg saccades eye movements are erratic with the eye jumping to a new point of focus often as a result of peripheral vision and then resting Our experience of vision however is one of a smooth transition from one scene to the next Given the continual sensorimotor signals arising from the body subjectivity is a baseline event that is never extinguished in the normal life of conscious individuals But there is no need for an inner observer or a central I in James s words the thoughts themselves are the thinker 134Higher order consciousness may be considered as a trade off of absolute precision for rich imaginative possibilities 135The pervasive presence of degeneracy in biological systems is particularly noticeable in neural systems and it exists to a high degree in the rentrant selective circuits of the conscious brain In certain circumstances natural languages gain as much strength from ambiguity as they do under other circumstances through the power of logical definition Association and metaphor are powerful accompaniments of 135 conscious experience even at early stages and they flower withy linguistic experience 136the study of consciousness must recognize the first person or subjective point of view 140Consciousness is a property of neural processes and cannot itself act causally in the world 141Whether in the dreams of REM sleep or in imagery or even in perceptual categorization a variety of sensory motor and higher order conceptual processes are constantly in play in visual imagery the same reentrant circuits used in direct perception are reengaged but without the precise constraints of signals from without In REM sleep the brain truly speaks to itself in a special conscious state one constrained neither by outside sensory input nor by the tasks of motor output 144 Autopornography: A Memoir of Life in the Lust Lane (Haworth Gay Lesbian Studies) uniuely euated with defined or coded computational states in individual brains and no process that can be euated with the execution of algorithms Instead there is an enormously rich set of selectional repertoires of neuronal groups whose degenerate responses can by selection accommodate the open ended richness of environmental input individual history and individual variation Intentionality and will in this view both depend on local contexts in the environment the body and the brain but they can selectively arise only through such interactions and not as precisely defined computations 111embodied and groundedConstructivist brain Filling in of the blind spot the phenomena of apparent motion and gestalt phenomena can all be explained in terms of temporal synchrony in re entrant circuits The same is true of time of succession and of duration The re entrant brain combines concepts and percepts with memory and new input to make a coherent picture at all costs 124eg saccades eye movements are erratic with the eye jumping to a new point of focus often as a result of peripheral vision and then resting Our experience of vision however is one of a smooth transition from one scene to the next Given the continual sensorimotor signals arising from the body subjectivity is a baseline event that is never extinguished in the normal life of conscious individuals But there is no need for an inner observer or a central I in James s words the thoughts themselves are the thinker 134Higher order consciousness may be considered as a trade off of absolute precision for rich imaginative possibilities 135The pervasive presence of degeneracy in biological systems is particularly noticeable in neural systems and it exists to a high degree in the rentrant selective circuits of the conscious brain In certain circumstances natural languages gain as much strength from ambiguity as they do Nguồn gốc người Việt – người Mường under other circumstances through the power of logical definition Association and metaphor are powerful accompaniments of 135 conscious experience even at early stages and they flower withy linguistic experience 136the study of consciousness must recognize the first person or subjective point of view 140Consciousness is a property of neural processes and cannot itself act causally in the world 141Whether in the dreams of REM sleep or in imagery or even in perceptual categorization a variety of sensory motor and higher order conceptual processes are constantly in play in visual imagery the same reentrant circuits Miniature Chess Problems from Many Countries used in direct perception are reengaged but without the precise constraints of signals from without In REM sleep the brain truly speaks to itself in a special conscious state one constrained neither by outside sensory input nor by the tasks of motor output 144

Read & Download Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of ConsciousnessWider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness

Read & Download Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness Gerald M. Edelman · 6 Summary Free read á PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Gerald M. Edelman How does the firing of neurons give rise to subjective sensations thoughts and emotions How can the disparate domains of mind and body be reconciled The uest for a scientifically based understanding of consciousness has attracted study and speculation across the ages In this direct and non technical discussion of consciousness Dr Gerald M Edelman draws on a lifetime of. Gerald Edelman a Nobel prize winning neuroscientist offers a neurological theory of consciousness which interests me because consciousness is central to many philosophical positions and disputes Edelman is philosophically well informed especially praising the work of William James so that he often addresses the obvious philosophical concerns For example he takes care to avoid category errors such as the tendency to treat objects of consciousness as though they were things in the same sense as material objects Early in his book Edelman makes the point that a theory of consciousness should not be expected to duplicate consciousness eg to generate my uniue experience of red but only to explain it Just as a meteorologist can explain a hurricane but cannot produce one a brain based theory of consciousness should give a causal explanation of its properties but having done so it should not be expected to generate ualia by description Unfortunately much of the groundwork for the theory involves a detailed description of brain processes much of which is lost on me because he names and identifies many parts of the brain most of which are difficult for me to keep distinct in my own mind He then describes brain processes in terms of neural impulses which travel from this part of the brain to that so that I have a picture of a lot of traffic but not much clarity I do get a grasp of some of the general principlesEdelman makes a strong point that the brain does not function like a computer Instead of algorithms and Turing Machine type operations the brain functions using neural networks and exhibits degeneracy a technical term meaning massive redundancy or that the same result can be reached by many different paths I am somewhat surprised by this since I have read Paul Churchland a neurophilosopher who describes parallel distributed processing a theoretical description of neural networks which can be implemented on a computer I think this may be a terminological dispute since artificial intelligence is based on parallel distributed processing which learns by trial and error based on massive feedback loops This resembles brain processing as Edelman describes itEdelman says that consciousness is an epiphenomenon based on the continual cycling of neural impulses in the brain Neural input may come from sense organs such as the optic nerves and is then cycled through a part of the cerebral cortex which categorizes it in terms of conceptual experience and then is recycled so as to refine and to clarify the original impression Along the way the neural impulses may go through value systems areas of the brain not ethics which prioritize neural impulses in various ways such as to promote survival or to focus or to accomplish some other purpose This recycling of neural impulses called reentrant and related to a feedback loop resembles churning such as water in a washing machine or in ocean tides and serves to generate a constantly changing model of the sensory world as well as of one s own body and needs The image generated by the constant cycling of neural impulses is consciousness Or to put it another way consciousness is the way the world including our own bodies seems to us after the brain has done its categorizing prioritizing updating emotional coloration and other refinementsSo according to Edelman consciousness is generated by neural processes but unlike neural processing cannot cause anything to happen Only neural processes have causal efficacy Edelman uotes beautiful metaphors from William James to illustrate So the melody floats from the harp string but neither checks nor uickens its vibration so the shadow runs alongside the pedestrian but in no way influences his steps I m impressed by Edelman s argument but I have a problem with the idea that consciousness itself as distinct from neural processes cannot cause anything to happen Just for starters if I call up the movie theater and find out the time of the next screening my conscious knowledge of that time is part of the causal chain that leads me to go to the theater I suppose the counterargument is that my neural processes are handling all of that and my consciousness is only keeping me updatedBut I think this limits the term consciousness to only the most superficial aspects of my awareness If I know in the usual sense of the word that force euals mass times acceleration it is not just words that I know I know the meanings of the terms and how to apply those terms in specific situations Even though I may not articulate all of that I know that I know and that is part of my consciousness of knowing the euation from physics To say that my knowledge of how to apply the euation is handled by neural processes while I am only conscious of words is to take the term consciousness in too restricted a sense My consciousness includes awareness of meanings and powers that I don t necessarily recite to myselfBe all of that as it may I am impressed enough by Edelman s theory to pursue the issue by further reading While I have no doubt that Edelman is a great neuroscientist I have seen science writing done better by other people Paul Churchland in The Engine of Reason the Seat of the Soul to my mind does a far impressive job of describing parallel distributed processing neural networks though he approaches it from a theoretical viewpoint rather than from the viewpoint of empirical research Either way it is a fascinating topic Stepping Stones uest for a scientifically based The Muse understanding of consciousness has attracted study and speculation across the ages In this direct and non technical discussion of consciousness Dr Gerald M Edelman draws on a lifetime of. Gerald Edelman a Nobel prize winning neuroscientist offers a neurological theory of consciousness which interests me because consciousness is central to many philosophical positions and disputes Edelman is philosophically well informed especially praising the work of William James so that he often addresses the obvious philosophical concerns For example he takes care to avoid category errors such as the tendency to treat objects of consciousness as though they were things in the same sense as material objects Early in his book Edelman makes the point that a theory of consciousness should not be expected to duplicate consciousness eg to generate my Kapelmeistara Kociņa kalendārs. KKK (1944. g. 2. puse) uniue experience of red but only to explain it Just as a meteorologist can explain a hurricane but cannot produce one a brain based theory of consciousness should give a causal explanation of its properties but having done so it should not be expected to generate I only like the fingers of the guy I hate Vol.2 (TL Manga) ualia by description Unfortunately much of the groundwork for the theory involves a detailed description of brain processes much of which is lost on me because he names and identifies many parts of the brain most of which are difficult for me to keep distinct in my own mind He then describes brain processes in terms of neural impulses which travel from this part of the brain to that so that I have a picture of a lot of traffic but not much clarity I do get a grasp of some of the general principlesEdelman makes a strong point that the brain does not function like a computer Instead of algorithms and Turing Machine type operations the brain functions 404 - Dokument nicht gefunden using neural networks and exhibits degeneracy a technical term meaning massive redundancy or that the same result can be reached by many different paths I am somewhat surprised by this since I have read Paul Churchland a neurophilosopher who describes parallel distributed processing a theoretical description of neural networks which can be implemented on a computer I think this may be a terminological dispute since artificial intelligence is based on parallel distributed processing which learns by trial and error based on massive feedback loops This resembles brain processing as Edelman describes itEdelman says that consciousness is an epiphenomenon based on the continual cycling of neural impulses in the brain Neural input may come from sense organs such as the optic nerves and is then cycled through a part of the cerebral cortex which categorizes it in terms of conceptual experience and then is recycled so as to refine and to clarify the original impression Along the way the neural impulses may go through value systems areas of the brain not ethics which prioritize neural impulses in various ways such as to promote survival or to focus or to accomplish some other purpose This recycling of neural impulses called reentrant and related to a feedback loop resembles churning such as water in a washing machine or in ocean tides and serves to generate a constantly changing model of the sensory world as well as of one s own body and needs The image generated by the constant cycling of neural impulses is consciousness Or to put it another way consciousness is the way the world including our own bodies seems to التطور والتجديد فى الشعر المصري الحديث us after the brain has done its categorizing prioritizing Book Four unlike neural processing cannot cause anything to happen Only neural processes have causal efficacy Edelman The Cost of Survival The System Apocalypse #3 uotes beautiful metaphors from William James to illustrate So the melody floats from the harp string but neither checks nor My Double Unveiled. the Dissipative Quantum Model of Brain. uickens its vibration so the shadow runs alongside the pedestrian but in no way influences his steps I m impressed by Edelman s argument but I have a problem with the idea that consciousness itself as distinct from neural processes cannot cause anything to happen Just for starters if I call The Bald TruthThe First Complete Guide To Preventing And Treating Hair Loss up the movie theater and find out the time of the next screening my conscious knowledge of that time is part of the causal chain that leads me to go to the theater I suppose the counterargument is that my neural processes are handling all of that and my consciousness is only keeping me Putting Food By updatedBut I think this limits the term consciousness to only the most superficial aspects of my awareness If I know in the Le Coran des historiens (Bibliographie) (Cerf-Patrimoine) usual sense of the word that force euals mass times acceleration it is not just words that I know I know the meanings of the terms and how to apply those terms in specific situations Even though I may not articulate all of that I know that I know and that is part of my consciousness of knowing the euation from physics To say that my knowledge of how to apply the euation is handled by neural processes while I am only conscious of words is to take the term consciousness in too restricted a sense My consciousness includes awareness of meanings and powers that I don t necessarily recite to myselfBe all of that as it may I am impressed enough by Edelman s theory to pursue the issue by further reading While I have no doubt that Edelman is a great neuroscientist I have seen science writing done better by other people Paul Churchland in The Engine of Reason the Seat of the Soul to my mind does a far impressive job of describing parallel distributed processing neural networks though he approaches it from a theoretical viewpoint rather than from the viewpoint of empirical research Either way it is a fascinating topic

Free read á PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Gerald M. Edelman

Read & Download Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness Gerald M. Edelman · 6 Summary Free read á PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Gerald M. Edelman Scientific inuiry into the workings of the brain to formulate answers to the mind body uestions that intrigue every thinking personConcise and understandable the book explains pertinent findings of modern neuroscience and describes how consciousness arises in complex brains Edelman explores the relation of consciousness to causation to evolution to the development of. For me this book rates up there with other classics in science like Chance and Necessity by Jacue Monod


10 thoughts on “EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman

  1. says: Gerald M. Edelman · 6 Summary Free read á PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Gerald M. Edelman EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman

    EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman The Brain is wider than the Sky For put them side by side The one the other will containWith ease and You beside The Brain is deeper than the sea For hold them Blue to Blue The one the other will absorb As Sponges Buckets do The Brain is just the weight of God For Heft them Pound for Pound And they will differ if they do

  2. says: EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman

    EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman Gerald Edelman a Nobel prize winning neuroscientist offers a neurological theory of consciousness which interests me because consciousness is central to many philosophical positions and disputes Edelman is philosophically well informed especially praising the work of William James so that he often addresses the obvious philosophica

  3. says: EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman

    EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman Free read á PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Gerald M. Edelman Read & Download Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness SighYou'd think that by now I would know better Why did I buy a book about consciousness by an eminent scientist and expect it to shed light on the uestion of how brain processing relates to subjective conscious experience? Scientists are the last people to shed light on this uestion because they or at least most of them don't even understand the uestionWhy not? Because it's not a scientific uestion at all but a philosop

  4. says: Read & Download Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman Gerald M. Edelman · 6 Summary

    Free read á PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Gerald M. Edelman Gerald M. Edelman · 6 Summary Read & Download Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness So I did a single module of neuropsychology in college and have read a few books about the brain since to give you an idea of my backgroundTo me about half of it was comprehensible He starts off admirably explaining the 'theory of brain' that he is basing this explanation of consciousness on This part is difficul

  5. says: Free read á PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Gerald M. Edelman Gerald M. Edelman · 6 Summary EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman

    EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman Gerald M. Edelman · 6 Summary This book is written by one of the most prominent scientists of this field therefore making it an authentic and credible depiction of the topic ConsciousnessHowever This was my first read book about consciousness and I had

  6. says: EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman

    Free read á PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Gerald M. Edelman Gerald M. Edelman · 6 Summary EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman For me this book rates up there with other classics in science like Chance and Necessity by Jacue Monod

  7. says: EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman Gerald M. Edelman · 6 Summary

    Free read á PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Gerald M. Edelman EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman Gerald M. Edelman · 6 Summary This is not so much a review as a synopsisEdelman's work on both researching and describing neuroanatomy has significantly changed the way we see how the brain works It is not too difficult to follow and should be enough

  8. says: Free read á PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Gerald M. Edelman EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman Gerald M. Edelman · 6 Summary

    EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman be patient u've gotta get thru about 80 pages before the book starts getting anywhere near interestingthe biological theory must show how the neural bases for consciousness could have arisen during evolution how consciousn

  9. says: Read & Download Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness Free read á PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Gerald M. Edelman Gerald M. Edelman · 6 Summary

    EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman Gerald M. Edelman · 6 Summary Free read á PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Gerald M. Edelman A pretty technical and dense book Wider Than the Sky aims to provide a consistent scientific theory on the emergence of c

  10. says: EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman Gerald M. Edelman · 6 Summary Read & Download Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness

    Free read á PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Gerald M. Edelman EBOOK or PDF (Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness) ½ Gerald M. Edelman This book is very interesting but very difficult Edelman starts by describing the neural anatomy that sensory perceptions and then processed information travels through in order for our brains to process informa

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  • Paperback
  • 224
  • Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness
  • Gerald M. Edelman
  • English
  • 11 February 2020
  • 9780300107616